In the cultural sphere, there are many books, plays, and songs being written or produced in the Punjabi-language in Pakistan. The word Punjab is made with two words Punjand ab. Before advent of Guru Nanak, there were various poetical sensitive people active in the soil Punjab, trying to find the best way to reach divine and among these Naths & Yogis were prominent. It started with the Christian ideology when the creation of the world was reduced to nearly 2000 years but now it has been vastly expanded to 16 billion years and even that is not accurate stat. There were 76 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan in 2008. This officially recognized Indian Punjabi is generally taken as standard in descriptions of the language. In most other Indo-Aryan-speaking areas of South Asia, the modern period saw overlapping local dialects being grouped into strictly defined provincial languages, but this process has taken much longer to happen in Punjab. Even Muslims were initiated into yogic cults & non Muslims took freely from Muslim saints. google_ad_height = 600; His second phase of travel, took him westward to Afghanistan, Iran and through Middle East to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. These were proud people noble in deed and action, independent and unique. Punjabi developed a written literature later than most of the other regional languages of the Indian subcontinent, and some writings from its early centuries, such as those of the first Sikh Guru, Nanak (1469–1539), are in Old Hindi rather than true Punjabi. It is rumoured that Farid went into the wilderness to meditate and took with him a piece of wood shaped like chapatti and bit into  it whenever he felt pangs of hunger thus severing his bonds with material things of the world. Over 93% of people who speak Punjabi as their first language live in Pakistan and India. GurmukhÄ« (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, [ˈɡʊɾmʊkÊ°iː], Shahmukhi: گُرمُکھی ‎) is an abugida developed from the Laṇḍā scripts, standardized and used by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad (1504–1552). He travelled far from North of India to the south as far as Shri Lanka and to Tibet in the North. Other languages were cultivated for most kinds of writing, including Persian under the Mughal Empire, then Urdu during the British period and, in Pakistan, continuing to the present day. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India Punjabi is the religious language of the Sikhs. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Furthermore, Sikh writers were mainly responsible for developing Punjabi as a modern standard language, and the Sikh political leadership in 1966 finally achieved the goal of an albeit truncated state with Punjabi as its official language. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. Learn more about the history and culture of Punjab … Punjabi literature, body of writing in the Punjabi language. History of Sikhism in Punjab: Sikhism originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region. //-->. In spite of Punjabi’s very large numbers of speakers and rich traditions of popular poetry, the standardization of the language was historically inhibited by lack of official recognition as well as by the different cultural preferences of the three main local religious communities of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs. In addition, four conjuncts are used: three subjoined forms of the consonants Rara, Haha and Vava, and one half-form of Yayya. In Pakistan, Punjabi is spoken by about one-half of all households. That script is a member of the Indic family of scripts, written from left to right, but in its organization it differs significantly from the Devanagari used to write Hindi. There are many people in other states of India, as Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir, who speak Punjabi as their mother tongue. Punjab in its present state came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. He is one. There are also important overseas communities of Punjabi speakers, particularly in Canada and the United Kingdom—where in the early 21st century they respectively constituted the third and fourth largest linguistic groups in the national populations—as well as in several parts of the United States. There is a significant degree of mutual intelligibility with Hindi and Urdu, although the three languages are sharply differentiated by their scripts, and Punjabi is historically distinguished by its retention of Middle Indo-Aryan (MIA) doubled consonants following a short vowel, so that Sanskrit akshi ‘eye’ becomes MIA akkhi and Punjabi akkh, versus Hindi-Urdu aankh. Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit.Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialect, found to the north and east of Delhi. This race or the tribe was named Aryan or Arya which means the noble one. In Canada it is the 4 th most spoken language. Punjab, state of India, located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. Arabic & Semitic influences among Muslims took them to certain extent, towards the dilution. The whole of  Guru Granth Sahib is written in this script and this script is used by Sikhs and Hindus for writing the Punjabi language. Around 75% of the Sikh population of the world is living in Punjab. Over thousands of year, Aryans developed a language which under goad of sophistication branched out into Sanskrit, Greek and Latin. At least by a few thousand of years. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-0738034589407107"; This was about 33 million in 2011. Demography and Geography of Punjabi Language “Punjab” is a combination of two Persian words, “Punj” meaning five and “ab” (Pronounced Aab) meaning water. Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. History of Punjabi Language The Punjabilanguage is written using two systems: Shahmukhi— a Perso-Arabic alphabet (ست سِری اَکال), and Gurmukhi— a modified Sikh script (ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ।). As of 2008, government run schools have been providing compulsory Punjabi lessons. The music is endless, there is bliss untold. Since Pakistan’s Punjab is much larger and less homogeneous than its Indian counterpart, its internal linguistic variety has also encouraged opposition to the Punjabi activists based in the provincial capital of Lahore by rival groups based in the less prosperous outlying areas of the province, notably by the proponents of Siraiki in the southwestern districts, whose claims to separate linguistic status are vigorously disputed by adherents to the Punjabi cause. As Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, it gets the name from the … PUNJABI LANGUAGE 1. The partition of the subcontinent in 1947 along religious lines was marked by particular violence in Punjab, where ethnic cleansing and exchange of populations resulted in the expulsion of most Punjabi-speaking Muslims from India and of Sikhs and Hindus from Pakistan. These wanderers travelled from place to place, singing and preaching their message of human brotherhood. The Ravi River was the prime location where their ancestors settled, and the Afghans, Turks… This Eastern Punjab dialect developed into a literary language around the beginning of the 17th century whereas Hindki still remains a group of dialects. Author of, Siraiki language: Siraiki, Punjabi, and Sindhi. History of the Punjabi Language. Punjabi is the native language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. The script is Gurmukhi based on Devanagri. Punjabis have been known to have inhabited the Indus Valley as far back as 2500 BC. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Small indeed is the honour won outside the Self by making pilgrimage and penance or being kind and giving charity to others. History Of Punjabi Language, its origin and Growth Punjabi is the language of Punjab, the land of the five rivers. North south division being bordering to near North Pole to Afghanistan in the south. He brought poetry for common folks. In Pakistan the general maintenance of the historical preference for Urdu has stood in the way of those who looked to achieve an increased status for Punjabi, albeit in a form more obviously influenced in its script and vocabulary by Urdu and so itself somewhat different from standard Indian Punjabi. The word Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) has been derived from the word Panj-āb, Persian for 'Five Waters', referring to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. History and varieties. Their language represented the same, full of sophistication and speaking from heart to heart. In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but official status at both the national and the provincial level is reserved for Urdu. In the thinking mode of western people it is a fact as to reduce the millennia time. Omissions? Earlier this week, the Punjab Assembly passed a resolution that would make Punjabi a compulsory first language in all schools from class 1 through to class 10. Many ancient Sufi mystics and later Guru Nanak Dev ji, the first Guru of the Sikhism started the literary tradition in Punjabi. The present day Sikhs are a fine example of their inheritance. Modern Gurmukhi has thirty-eight consonants (vianjan), nine vowel symbols (lāga mātrā), two symbols for nasal sounds (bindī and ṭippī), and one symbol which duplicates the sound of any consonant (addak). Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of historical Punjab - both in Pakistan as well as in India. Emeritus Professor of Modern Languages of South Asia, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. There is a peculiar symbolism here - on the one hand, the history of this village is associated with the growth of Sikhism, a religion that elevated Punjabi to the status of a divine language, and on the other, the area now hosts the head office of a school that has deemed Punjabi to be a "foul language". Sanskrit further developed into dialects and one such dialect was Punjabi written in Devnagri, which was an Indo- Iranian tribal language and slowly filtered into Afghanistan and then through the Khyber pass onto Punjab and indo- gangetic  planes. #JAPJISAHIB It is the sacred hymn by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Use of the conjunct forms of Vava and Yayya is increasingly scarce in modern contexts. He is creator of all. The name Punjab itself means, “Land of the Five Rivers” It has its origin from the Persian words panj (five) and ab (river). His name is truth. The Western Historian give date of Veda writing as 1500 BC but to an Indian scholar that is wholly inaccurate. The Connecting Language. It is also spoken in neighbouring areas such as Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. PUNJABI 2. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, the state of India. Resolution to Make Punjabi Mandatory in Punjab Schools Helps to Preserve Sikh History. Prominent among them was Baba Farid who was a mystic of high order and composed his verses in Punjabi dialect and these were imbued with fervours of feeling for love of God and vagaries of human life. Punjab - Punjab - History: The foundations of the present Punjab were laid by Banda Singh Bahadur, a hermit who became a military leader and, with his fighting band of Sikhs, temporarily liberated the eastern part of the province from Mughal rule in 1709–10. It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages recognized by the Indian constitution. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language.It is the first language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. It was Sauraseni Apabhramsa that gave birth to Punjabi and was also the mother of the saint’s language, known as sant-bhasa. It evolved out of the Apabhramsa of the region. Classical Sanskrit evolved from the Vedic is the main source of Punjabi vocabulary and Sauraseni Prakrit is nearest to Classical Sanskrit. Download free copy of ‘Japji Sahib’ in Punjabi and English /* 160x600, created 5/27/08 */ The Urdu script, written from right to left, is used for writing Punjabi in Pakistan, where it is nowadays often given the imitative name Shahmukhi. He gave a new identity to Punjabi language and to Punjabi people of all casts and creeds. Whereas the Muslims had strongly identified with Urdu and the Hindus with Hindi, it was the Sikhs who had particularly identified with the Punjabi cause. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Same thing can be said about the Aryan race that originated in the steppes of Central Asia, in a vast are bordering Turkmenistan and Caspian Sea. As is generally the case with such disputes about language identity, the arguments are based only partly...…, …Indus Valley, for example, and Punjabi in the Punjab are languages rich in an emotional poetry that...…, In addition to Urdu and Punjabi, other languages claimed as mother tongues include Sindhi, Pashto, Siraiki,...…. In order to keep Punjabi language to its original impulses of form & expression, it was necessary to have it written down in its own script. Punjabi emerged as a distinct language in the 12th century as the Punjab region began to coalesce as a distinct culture, producing its own poetry and other writings in the new language. It is the most widely spoken native language in Pakistan. Beyond thought, no thinking can conceive Him, not even minds of men should think for ages and ages. There are the usual conflicting claims to the great writers of the past, but all devotees of the Punjabi literary tradition, in both India and Pakistan, find the supreme expression of their shared cultural identity in the rich expression of the Muslim poet Waris (or Varis) Shah’s great romance Hir (1766; also spelled Heer). The region of Mind is lit with God’s light. Metaphysically sophisticate and yet comprehensible to common poeople.A new spirit of equality between men and women, between Hindus and Muslims issued forth from his writing. In India, Punjabi is spoken as a native language by 3% of the population. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense.