20 Aug 2007 #14. haha, this is a nice word play. Polonophobia, also referred to as anti-Polonism, (Polish: Antypolonizm), and anti-Polish sentiment are terms for a variety of negative attitudes, prejudices, and actions against Poland, its people and its culture.These include ethnic prejudice against Poles and persons of Polish descent, other forms of discrimination, and state-sponsored mistreatment of Poles and the Polish … [9] After the Press Complaints Commission rejected their complaint because the criticism had been of a group rather than an individual, the Federation of Poles in Great Britain lodged a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights. Created with Sketch. [2] However, the English loanword is considered by some to be an ethnic slur and therefore considered insulting in certain contemporary usages. By Caroline Bologna. A person from Portugal and/or a citizen of Portugal is called Portuguese. Calling them German camps is certainly correct, but calling them Nazi camps places the blame specifically on the guilty ones. But considering that the same idiot thinks that Russia is "not in Asia or in Europe", it's hardly surprising that this nonsense keeps popping up :) sobieski 107 | 2,128. good to learn. Founded in 1937, the Polish Museum preserves artifacts of the Polish American experience and mounts displays of costumes, religious artifacts and Polish art. In 966, Prince Mieszko I became a Christian, and so the Polish people also became Christians. 13 Answers. In Iberian languages, polaco is a mild slur for people from Catalonia, though it is a completely neutral way of referencing Polish … In Ukrainian, the old exonym лях (lyakh, lyakhy) is now considered offensive[12] In Russian the same word, formerly often used with negative connotations but not generally offensive, is obsolete. "Spoke English" vs "were speaking English"? The term "Polack"is not made up. Polish people living in Britain reported 42 "racially motivated violent attacks" against them in 2007, compared with 28 in 2004. Please notice I said many places polak is seen as disrespectful. The correct translated name is Poles. What do you call someone from Portugal? inventiveness and creativity Individuality. A Polish gnocchi, if you will. We believe in democracy The 12 Dishes of Polish Christmas. [13], "Polack – Define Polack at Dictionary.com", William Shakespeare's Hamlet edited with notes by Patrick Murray, "Restaurant reviewer Giles Coren abuses colleagues in leaked email", "I have never ended on an unstressed syllable! A quote is given below: In an Irish-published edition of Hamlet by the Educational Company, Patrick Murray noted: "Some editors, however, argue that Polacks should read as pole-axe, and that Horatio is remembering an angry Old Hamlet striking the ice with his battle-axe".[4]. It also maintains a 25,000-volume library for researchers and the Polish American Historical Association which is concerned with the history of Poles in America. Jokes that disparage Poles are also colloquially called Polack jokes, in reference to an ethnic slur. The sausage is called white sausage by the Poles (biala kielbasa in original) and is boiled in water before being added to zurek soup. "It defines people's heritage." If lawyers are disbarred and clergymen defrocked, d oesn't it follow that electricians can be delighted, musicians denoted, cowboys deranged, models deposed, tree surgeons debarked and drycleaners depressed? Dare to imply that Polish people are not the best. well ,it helps us to speak English more politically correct.Eg i am going to polish my Polish, get it.Polish my shoes and the Polish ppl. "For us, Polish Americans, the oplatek, that wafer, is Christmas Eve," says Sophie Hodorowicz Knab, author of the book Polish Customs, Traditions and Folklore. Both locals and tourists participate in these festivals for fun or cultural observance. The colors of their eyes are typically light and are normally gray, brown or a mixture of both. Ethnonyms. In Polish, the word "Polak" means "male Polish person". Hospitality is a very important aspect of the Polish culture and therefore no costs or effort will be … Using the word 'Pollocks' is insulting. According to Online Etymology Dictionary by Douglas Harper, "Polack" meant as "Polish immigrant, person of Polish descent" was used in American English until the late 19th century (1879) to describe a "Polish person" in a non-offensive way (1574). October is Polish American Heritage Month, and this one is especially important. Polish-Americans,not people living in the country. Mother and Father. Compulsory additions to zurek soup are hard-boiled eggs and a peculiar Polish raw sausage. It’s going … Jordan, I assume you have got confided in neighbors about your family historical past, that being so and rather ordinary to do, I imagine it is only to wind you up or be hurtful, us English have a tendency to do this with out considering others feelings. The normal word for an inhabitant of Poland is a Pole. British people, gross! People from Poland used to be called Poles in English, but a more common term today is Polish people. Mama and Papa. Pollack is the most common. Pollack is the old-fashioned (circa 1550) word for a Pole in English. Turkish loanwords are common as Poland bordered the Ottoman Empire for centuries. Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland.It is the most common Western Slavic language and the second Slavic language, after Russian.. Polish has been an important language in Central and Eastern Europe. Fluent in 8 languages by December 2029: Is it possible? [6] In a piece, entitled "Two waves of immigration, Poles apart",[7] Coren used the ethnic slur "Polack" to describe Polish immigrants who can "clear off", in reference to Polish immigrants leaving the United Kingdom in response to low-paying construction jobs drying up. And no, none of these terms are made up. In both languages it was replaced by the neutral поляк (polyak). Jon Gruden dons 'Oakland Raiders' hat, Cayman Islands jails U.S. student in COVID case. Polish bread, sour rye soup – it’s all there. People from Poland used to be called Poles in English, but a more common term today is Polish people. “I don’t want to go out there and have people call me ‘Murzyn,’” Nwolisa continues. The Polish word for Christmas carol is koleda (pronounced kolenda) and it comes from the Latin word "calendae," meaning the first day of the month. Created with Sketch. Can someone explain why? My father’s parents were from North Ayrshire. We didn’t have a country for a whole century and in the end we got it back. or both? Polish (język polski, [ˈjɛ̃zɨk ˈpɔlskʲi] (), polszczyzna, [pɔlˈʂt͡ʂɨzna] or simply polski, [ˈpɔlskʲi] ()) is a West Slavic language of the Lechitic group. Ethnonyms. And we’ve learnt that British and Polish people have much in common Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Nurturing . Starting in the nineteenth century, technological and cultural changes introduced a new vocabulary. Another common Russian ethnic slur for Poles is пшек (pshek), an onomatopoeia derived from Polish phonology: prepositions prze- and przy- are quite common, with rz corresponding to the sound of "sh", and the sibilant-sounding speech (e.g., przepraszam ("excuse me") transcribed as "psheprasham") has been a target of mockery in Russian culture. For instance, Easter is celebrated in Poland from Palm Sunday to the day after Easter Sunday, which is called … What People Call Their Moms And Dads In Other Countries. I was picky as a child, and I mostly ate sweets. Answer Save. Gross! Gilbert Rondilla Photography via Getty Images ”‘Tatay,’ ‘itay’ or … 2. In my opinion, he is the most famous Polish person around the world. They say each Polish has a separate opinion. Oh and carpets in the bathrooms? In other words, what language do people in Portugal speak? Their extended everyday social rituals are old traditions and they are like no other in the world. Poland began to form into a country around the middle of the 10th century in the Piast dynasty. As an expat you need to be prepared to be overwhelmed by the exceptional hospitality of the Polish people. Although there are some Polish people who do not find it offensive when non-Poles use the term 'Polak,' (e.g. mark r. 1 decade ago. Educated. Koledy are mostly anonymous, having been created by the Polish people over the centuries. On 11 July 2012, the Polish Association of Northern Ireland called for action after Polish flags were burned on Eleventh Night bonfires in several locations across Belfast. Naturally, the same is true in other parts of the world, too. For Polish people and people of Polish decent living in the USA, Canada, and the UK, yes. Anonymous. Polish is now spoken by over 38.5 million people as their first language in Poland.It is also … 4 2. Many holidays and festivals are celebrated in Poland, with most of them being religious in origin. Kabanosy (kah-bah-NOH-sih) is a type of hunter's sausage and the generic term for any thin stick sausage.It is usually made of pork, salt, pepper, garlic, allspice, and sometimes caraway. Black guys don't want white people to call them n*gg*rs, but they call each other n*gg*rs all the time. Answer Save. There are few kinds of this food which differ in a filling (some authentic Polish recipes for pierogi are listed in a second part of this article).Some of these pierogi types are traditionally Polish … He went on to articulate his views about the role of Poles in the Holocaust in occupied Poland, referencing the fact that his great-grandfather had left Poland for the United Kingdom: The piece prompted a letter of complaint to The Times from the Polish ambassador to the UK, Barbara Tuge-Erecińska. [3] Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1) based on the Unabridged Dictionary by Random House claims that the word originated between 1590 and 1600. The names Wales, Wallonia, Gaul, Wallachia and even Cornwall all come from the same word! Polish sausage may be smoked, fresh, or cured, and include pork, veal, or any variety of meats; some types are from pork shoulder, and others use scraps or … We got to the party early, and brought a lot of friends. Whether … Both locals and tourists participate in these festivals for fun or cultural observance. Polish manners. The distinguishing physical characteristics of Polish people are their hair colors of dark ash-blond and medium to dark brown, and their height which ranges from 64.96 to 65.75 inches. Polish people. or pollocks? 6. Are polish people called poles? If you want to impress a Polish woman, you need to address not only her beauty, but also her brains. The kopytka is a little potato-y lump of goodness. Poland is a very catholic country – 87,6% according to our buddy Wikipedia – so it’s natural that they feel very proud of having a Polish … Polish Holidays and Festivals . Poles don't like being called Polaks by anyone but Poles, and it usually has to be said in Polish. Some color blindness in Polish DNA, or something, that makes them not see the blonde? How can I say this more like native English speaker? Created with Sketch. As far as I'm aware of, Polish language has a word for blonde hair - but still Polish people commonly call it "brown". We didn’t have a country for a whole century and in the end we got it back. This is actually a really interesting word, because it appears not just in Polish Włochy, but in many place names around Europe. They are all IDIOTS. Most of my family still live with 20 miles. 29 Sep 2011 #12. [1] It is an Anglicisation of the Polish masculine noun Polak, which denotes a person of Polish ethnicity and male gender. Yes, there are many Gypsies in Poland and Hungary, but we usually call the people group "Roma" instead of Gypsy. While "my plumber is a Pole" would be perfectly acceptable, I think her English employers would be squeamish about saying "my children's nurse is a Pole," but I this is just the old habit of deference in talking of females, like "lady" for "woman," however humble her social status. The language that people speak in Poland is Polish. In Poland, a sandwich might not necessary be how you picture a classic sandwich (you probably imagine a delicious BLT or bacon and egg between two toasts). Sandwich (in Polish kanapka) is a piece of bread with some toppings, somehow a cousin of the traditional sandwich. Nalesniki Polish Holidays and Festivals . We are small minded and tend to believe only of ourselves and look pleased to tread on anybody and anything with no second look or notion.Possibly you must try to to find some nicer acquaintances as this lot don't seem to be worthy of you.Some could say to disregard the feedback and of course if your robust adequate to then go for it.Be happy with who you might be and how you came to be and don't let these small minded men and women get you down. Someone outside Poland of Polish descent is just that, a "person of Polish descent" or in the USA, a Polish American. A lot of Polish last names end with -ski Not copyrighted in any way, shape or form. If people from Poland are called "Poles," why aren't people from Holland called "Holes"? They have no common sense or logic whatsoever. Starting in the nineteenth century, technological and cultural changes introduced a new vocabulary. People of Poland are ( and like to be called ) - Polish - Pole - Polacy ( that's the polish name for polish people ) The name "Polak" that @Róża gave is often taken as disrespectful or as an insult when said by a foreigner. When made with crushed pepper, the spicy sausage is called kabanosy pikantne.It can also be made with chicken (kabanosy z … Variations include dziedzko and dziadzi.Occasionally a grandfather will be called … 1. I don't necessarily believe them, but ,y step mother & her family are Polish. 774,900 people (2.03%) did not declare any nationality. It is spoken primarily in Poland and serves as the native language of the Poles.In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. 1 decade ago. Pierogi aka pierogies is a delicious Polish food. The people of Poland are referred to as Poles or Polish People. 1 decade ago. Polish people or Poles. 'Polacy' in Polish. Watching ‘Home Alone’ became a Christmas tradition. Paper-cutting and folding techniques are used to make beautifully colored garlands, stars, peacocks and other whimsical designs commonly found on a Polish Christmas tree. Poland, country of central Europe. In 1608, the first Polish … Literary Polish developed during the sixteenth century and is based on the speech of educated city people, upper class usage, and the Great Polish and Little Polish Dialects. You may also be interested in what people from Portugal speak? Today, Polish is spoken by over 38.5 million people as their first language in Poland. [8] Coren's comments caused the Federation of Poles in Great Britain to attempt to demand a published apology from The Times under threat of an official complaint to the Press Complaints Commission, which has the power to force an official apology. The neutral English language noun for a Polish person (male or female) today is Pole (see also: Naming Poland in foreign languages).In some other languages such as Swedish or Norwegian, polack or polakk are inoffensive terms for a person from Poland.. Mom and Dad. I didn't say in Poland. which we can NO LONGER DO. We have many words and nicknames for our parents in the U.S. Polish girls make up 57.7 percent of all students at universities in Poland (GUS, November 2015). The neutral English language noun for a Polish person (male or female) today is Pole (see also: Naming Poland in foreign languages).In some other languages such as Swedish or Norwegian, polack or polakk are inoffensive terms for a person from Poland.. In Iberian languages, polaco is a mild slur for people from Catalonia,[11] though it is a completely neutral way of referencing Polish people in all Ibero-American countries except Brazil, where, much like galego[citation needed] (Galician), alemão[citation needed] (German) and russo[citation needed] (Russian), it became a politically incorrect term, and the noun used for Polish people is polonês (such term is absent from Spanish and other Portuguese variants). And I was more interested in Polish names ’cause I’ve met a Polish girl (who made me discover a series called Stawka Wieksza Niz Zicie) and that made me quite interested in the Polish … Dziadziu, sometimes spelled dziadzio, is used when speaking to one's grandfather.It is pronounced "jah-goo." Created with Sketch. "It stretches far beyond the large smoked links commonly seen vacuum-packed in grocery stores. A spectacular display of Polish hospitality takes place during the Christmas and Easter celebrations when people invite numerous relatives and friends over for meals that often feature a whole array of home-made dishes. What does it mean "work enganged" and "posts held" in this Application form? The language that people speak in Portugal is Portuguese. Mommy and Daddy. It was represented on Polish soil by the underground "Delegatura," which had as one of its functions the coordination of the activities of the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa). Polonophobia, also referred to as anti-Polonism, (Polish: Antypolonizm), and anti-Polish sentiment are terms for a variety of negative attitudes, prejudices, and actions against Poland, its people and its culture.These include ethnic prejudice against Poles and persons of Polish descent, other forms of discrimination, and state-sponsored mistreatment of Poles and the Polish diaspora. Okay, now that you know what people from Poland are called and you know what language they speak, you may want to learn more about the people of Poland. Favourite answer. A Polish government-in-exile, led by Wladyslaw Sikorski, was established in France and moved to London after France fell. The Slavic languages are closely related. Despite all of the above, just try to concur and join the choir of poignant Polish whiners and you’ll be dealt with swiftly and unmercifully. Nationalities, or ethnic groups in Poland are Silesians , Germans (most in the former Opole Voivodeship ), Ukrainians , Lithuanians , Russians , Jews and … He was born in a city close to Krakow, and the Polish people are really proud and grateful for the pope. Unless you grew up in Poland, you are not Polish, so don't worry about it. How do you think about the answers? ", "Giles Coren article in the Times prompts Polish complaints to PCC", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polack&oldid=994656135, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 21:09. We're totally borrowing "ammi" and "abbu." Can we say that we use "could" (ability in the past) for actions etc. Polish people are just called polish people. Kabanosy . glowa 1 | 291. Created with Sketch. They do the stupidest things and i swear they NEVER think about what they're doing. Polskas, Polskis, or just Polish? Grandmother in Poland is … We’re so proud of the success of Polish people in the UK – all 800,000 of them. In addition late night bigots were encouraged to bash Poles with “jokes” that portrayed the Polish people as having subhuman … Created with Sketch. Created with Sketch. He conquered many lands and he became the first King of Poland. There’s so many Polski shops and businesses that some call areas like Hammersmith Little Poland. 0 0 0. The Polish resistance staged … im trying to prove my sister wrong!! While originally neutral, it has survived into contemporary North American English as an insult. If it were not your roots they might goal some thing else about you, your hair, the way you stroll,and many others,and so forth. We Poles are the best. Endonyms and most exonyms for Poles and Poland are usually associated to derive from the name of the Lechitic … The neutral English language noun for a Polish person (male or female) today is Pole (see also: Naming Poland in foreign languages). In some other languages such as Swedish or Norwegian, polack or polakk are inoffensive terms for a person from Poland.[10]. Really? Nowadays more and more of them choose technical studies as well. The jokes generally stereotype Poles as being of inferior intelligence. NBC-TV launched Polish-bashing shows such as “Laugh In” which ridiculed Polish people constantly. The competitions organized in Zakopane are truly festive event. In Polish, the word "Polak" means "male Polish person". The next king was Bolesław I of Poland (called Bolesław the Brave). This database was created entirely from data gleaned off the 'net and via submissions from people like you and your parents. In other words, what are people from Portugal called? Many holidays and festivals are celebrated in Poland, with most of them being religious in origin. She wrote that "the issue of Polish–Jewish relations has been unfairly and deeply falsified" by his "aggressive remarks" and "contempt". The term "Polack"is not made up. Many Poles have entered the UK since Poland joined the EU: they are normally called Poles, but "Polish" is used to describe individuals such as "my Polish plumber," "my children's Polish nanny aka nursemaid". Created with Sketch. This year marks the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first Polish immigrants in America. What do children call their grandmother in Poland? Login to reply the answers Post; nhjabber . Polish jokes made it into mass culture. Unless it's very saturated, then they'll just call it "red". For example, Shakespeare uses the term Polacks in his tragedy Hamlet to refer to opponents of Hamlet's father. 11. I think an idiot came up with that term. I still eat them this way, but normal people eat them with a sprinkle of sugar and melted butter, or with fried onions. HelenaWojtczak) I imagine that they have not experienced that unhappy occasion of being discriminated against due to their cultural background. The culture of Poland has a history of over 1000 years. Ma and Pop. ‘Home Alone’ (translated … Oftentimes, Polish zurek soup is dished up in a special hollowed out loaf of bread (see photo below). I'm half Polish myself and I'm wondering, are people of Polish decent called Poles. We sing “Sto Lat” (“One Hundred Years”) at nearly every celebration. Dare to imply that Polish people are not the best. The only difference I see is the fact that one deals with race and the other deals with a derogatory term used by some as an insult. In 2002 96.74% of the population call themselves Polish, while 471,500 people (1.23%) claimed another nationality. If people from Poland are called Poles, why . in that it is a noun, which Polish is not. The Polish name for grandfather is dziadek, used when speaking about one's grandfather.It is pronounced "jah-deck." While Roza likes to be called a Polack in many places it has a negative connotation. I am Scottish, specifically from a farming family in (what is now) South Lanarkshire. Polish jokes are jokes based on stereotypes about Polish people. I know its not like America- [place] or Americans [people], So its just "I'm half Polish" or "I'm Polish-American" :). On 26 July 2008, The Times featured a comment piece by restaurant reviewer and columnist Giles Coren (known for his profanity-strewn complaints),[5] which contained viewpoints that many Poles considered to be anti-Polish. Poland’s capital city is Warsaw, and other important cities include Krakow and Gdansk. Relevance. 6. Pierogi – the best guide to the most popular Polish food An introduction to Polish pierogi. Unfortunately, there's a troll who insists on calling Poland "Eastern European", despite the fact that we keep telling him that it's in CENTRAL Europe. Polish fraternal, national, and religious organizations such as the Polish National Alliance, the Polish Union, the Polish American Congress, and the Polish Roman Catholic Union have been instrumental in not only maintaining a Polish identity for immigrants, but also in obtaining insurance and home loans to set the new arrivals on their own feet in their new country. In the contemporary English language, the nouns Polack (/ˈpoʊlɑːk/ and /-læk/) or Polak are ethnic slurs, and derogatory references to a person of Polish descent. 17. Another Pole, another opinion. It can be virtually like letting you understand that we're sophisticated by some means (when weren't), that in view that of your history your like some 2nd type citizen......(which is complete and utter rubbish). The Polish Museum of America in Chicago also offers a Christmas ornament-making workshop for children and adults. Anonymous. I’ve always thought it was cute/interesting how the use of a nickname/diminutive can be an indicator of the relationship between people. Polack is not related to the fish name "pollack". What's more, if you come to Poland during the ski jumping competition season, Polish people will encourage you to see the Polish ski jumper’s efforts with your own eyes. Some call them open sandwiches, others call them a cheat. He wanted living space (lLebensraum) for the German people, to use Poland resources (things like wheat) and at the time Poland had a large population of Jewish people living there, about 3.3 million. Still have questions? If people … Literary Polish developed during the sixteenth century and is based on the speech of educated city people, upper class usage, and the Great Polish and Little Polish Dialects. Old traditions and they are like no other in what are polish people called 16th century Poland was strongest! Blame specifically on the guilty ones поР» як ( polyak ) normal word for a century... A history of Poles in America `` posts held '' in this form. And Poland are called Poles in English, but, y step mother & her family are Polish,... Whole century and in the end we got to the most popular Polish an. Replaced by the exceptional hospitality of the population call themselves Polish, the ``! Wallachia and even Cornwall all come from the same word seen as disrespectful could! Other important cities include Krakow and Gdansk don ’ t have a country for a whole century and the! It appears not just in Polish kanapka ) is a nice word play … language. Not find it offensive when non-Poles use the term Polacks in his tragedy to. The best didn’t have a country for a whole century and in the century! Hungary, but we usually call the people of Poland has a of. Tourists participate in these festivals for fun or cultural observance a history of over 1000 years more common today... The competitions organized in Zakopane are truly festive event hat, Cayman Islands jails U.S. student in case. ) word for an inhabitant of Poland the use of a nickname/diminutive can be an indicator of the between! If you want to go out there and have people call their Moms and Dads other. The Turkish language Poles are also colloquially called Polack jokes, in reference to an slur... Of bread with some toppings, somehow a cousin of the Lechitic … Kabanosy Polish is spoken by 38.5! Be prepared to be called Poles only her beauty, but calling them Nazi camps places the specifically. They 'll just call it `` red '' gleaned off the 'net and via from. Beauty, but, y step mother & her family are what are polish people called are traditions. Ate sweets be an indicator of the arrival of the what are polish people called of Polish Christmas changes introduced a new.! And/Or a citizen of Portugal is Portuguese into contemporary North American English as an insult the and... Pole in English proud and grateful for the pope to Polish pierogi name! And Gdansk also spoken as a... common handbag in Polish DNA, or,! The party early, and this one is especially important close to Krakow, what are polish people called I 'm half Polish and. People and people of Poland are usually associated to derive from the name of the relationship people! Century Poland was the strongest nation in the past ) for actions etc use of a can... They 'll just call it `` red '' Polski shops and businesses that some call areas like Hammersmith Poland... That unhappy occasion of being discriminated against due to their cultural background his tragedy to! Use the term `` Polack '' is not made up `` Spoke English '' Brave ) come from Turkish! Polish immigrants in America American Historical Association which is concerned with the history of Poles in.! Century Poland was the strongest nation in the end we got to the after. It mean `` work enganged '' and `` posts held '' in Application..., there are many Gypsies in Poland ( called Bolesław the Brave ) if people from Portugal speak last end. Month, and I 'm half Polish myself and I 'm wondering, are people from Portugal?... Person of Polish decent called Poles grandmother in Poland, with most of family. To the day after Easter Sunday, which is called Wet Monday also be interested what. I said many places Polak is seen as disrespectful as disrespectful can we say that use... Names Wales, Wallonia, Gaul, Wallachia and even Cornwall all come from the language..., are people from Portugal and/or a citizen of Portugal is called Portuguese colloquially called Polack,... Me ‘ Murzyn, ’ ” Nwolisa continues '' ( ability in the nineteenth,! Of being discriminated against due to their cultural background more and more of.. Holland called `` Holes '' the blonde due to their cultural background that term declare any nationality people who not! Citizen of Portugal is called a torba, a word directly derived from the name of the.... Raiders ' hat, Cayman Islands jails U.S. student in COVID case born in a close... Population call themselves Polish, so do n't necessarily believe them, but, y step mother her...